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Heritage Based Adaptive Reuse of Hotel Swarha

A sustainable alternative for shopping in the city center of Bandung.

The old centre of Bandung is known for its colonial past. However, many of the remaining buildings with a shared heritage remain vacant as high-density and high-rise development isolates them. During my graduation, I searched for a solution to this ironic dilemma.

The main objective, resulting from this problem statement, is to revitalize a district in Bandung by means of the adaptive reuse of shared heritage and passive climate systems. My personal ambition is to empower the local culture of fashion craftsmanship and create a sustainable alternative for shopping in the city centre of Bandung. Designing both a fashion incubator and a public market has facilitated this sustainable alternative.

The results of the design project and case study of the abandoned Swarha building show a successful example of the adaptive reuse of shared heritage and passive climate technologies. The outcome demonstrate that this low-tech design requires minimal energy consumption while aiming at a high level of comfort, ultimately benefiting the urban area.

In addition, creating an open market with an incubator is a reinvention of the shopping experience in Indonesia, with a focus on the growth of local entrepreneurs and sustainable production. Focusing on the context, climate and community a mixed-used building is designed, hosting education, production and consumption in one complex.

 

Location: Bandung Indonesia

Program: Education, Production & Consumption

Gross floor area:  m² 

Client: TU Delft & ITB Bandung

Studio:  Architectural Engineering, Shared Heritage Lab

 

Awards: 

2020: MiG-Prize – International 3rd Place 
https://migprize.com/laureates/2020-projects/ 

2019: Winner NRP Masterprijs  
https://nrp.nl/vakprijzen/nrp-masterprijs

The holistic approach of this design project is the result of a series of significant interventions on both an urban and architectural level:

 

Urban level

Locally a lot of clothing is manufactured, but it is difficult for young people to start their own business. The combination of an educational fashion institution and a commercial market hall for young entrepreneurs is the basis for this fashion incubator. The focus lies on sharing knowledge, encouraging new sustainable initiatives and supporting economic development in the local fashion industry.

Interventions at the urban level include removing surrounding obstacles, adding a new building block, renewing the pedestrian bridge and creating a courtyard. The now isolated building will once again become visible and accessible from both sides of the busy street and in return will stimulate economic development in the neighbourhood.

Architectural level

On the architectural level, several interventions have been made. Firstly, the focus lies on transforming the now-abandoned building while respecting its existing concrete structure. Secondly, the existing building is expanded with a flexible and open wooden structure, engaging with the tropical climate. The new roof is made of wood and serves as a sunscreen and water collector. Furthermore, the plinth is open to the public and leads through the fashion market to the peaceful courtyard, allowing pedestrians to rest during a hectic day.

The incubator program on the upper floors in the renovated part of the building focuses on education and production. This includes the use of meeting rooms, design studios, (co-) working spaces and machines in the workshop, allowing students to develop their artistic skills and set up a successful business.